标题: Efficient molten salt CO<sub>2</sub> capture and selective electrochemical transformation processes toward carbon neutrality: advances, challenges, and prospects
作者: Deng, BW (Deng, Bowen); Yin, HY (Yin, Huayi); Du, KF (Du, Kaifa); Wang, DH (Wang, Dihua)
来源出版物: SCIENCE CHINA-CHEMISTRY DOI: 10.1007/s11426-023-1826-3 提前访问日期: OCT 2023
摘要: Atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration has reached record levels due to excessive anthropogenic CO2 emissions from massive industrial productions. Renewable-energy-driven CO2 electroreduction is an effective method of directly converting CO2 into various value-added chemicals or materials without subsequent geological disposal treatment. Owing to their promising thermal stability, wide electrochemical window, tunable oxo-basicity, and nontoxic nature, molten salt electrolytes endow intrinsic advantages, such as fast CO2 absorption and selective electrochemical transformation, among different electrolyte species, wherein advanced carbon materials, CO, and hydrocarbons can be generated at relatively high current densities. Herein, we review the recent advances in molten salt CO2 capture and electrochemical transformation (MSCC-ET) technologies, including reaction mechanisms, CO2 absorption kinetics, electrode reaction kinetics, and product selectivity. This review highlights feasible strategies for regulating nanostructures, carbon product crystallinity, energy efficiency, overall CO2 conversion efficiency, and MSCC-ET adaptability toward practical flue gases. Moreover, suitable cost-effective inert anode candidates for the oxygen evolution reaction are discussed.
作者关键词: carbon dioxide; electroreduction; CO2 capture; molten salt; electrode reaction; energy efficiency
地址: [Deng, Bowen; Yin, Huayi; Du, Kaifa; Wang, Dihua] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Hubei Int Sci & Technol Cooperat Base Sustainable, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Wang, DH (通讯作者)，Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Hubei Int Sci & Technol Cooperat Base Sustainable, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
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